Maternal Stress and Pregnancy Outcomes
FBK-IRVAPP is pleased to invite you to the following seminar:
“Maternal Stress and Pregnancy Outcomes”
With the participation of: Moris Triventi
Language: the seminar is held in English.
Abstract The period a child spends in the womb is a crucial developmental stage, which influences children’s outcomes both at birth and later in life. Although recent research has extensively investigated this developmental stage, we contribute by exploring the effect of prenatal maternal stress on pregnancy outcomes (low birth weight and prematurity). Most importantly, we examine its heterogeneity by socioeconomic status (SES). Using Spanish birth registers, we exploit the natural experiment of the 2004 Madrid Bombing as an exogenous source of prenatal maternal stress. Using a difference-in-difference approach, we find that the exposure had a detrimental effect on pregnancy outcomes (low birth weight and prematurity). Most surprisingly, we find that the detrimental effect of the exposure is concentrated only among low-SES offspring. We hypothesized three possible mechanisms to explain this heterogeneity, which have broader implications for the transmission of status across generations.
Moris TriventiRelatore ospiteMoris Triventi is Senior Assistant Professor in Quantitative Sociology at the University of Trento and a member of the CSIS (Center for Social Inequality Studies). He was Lecturer in the Department of Political and Social Sciences and Senior researcher in the Compararive Lifecourse & Inequality Research Centre (CLIC) at the European University Institute (Fiesole, Italy). He received his PhD in Applied Sociology and Methodology of Social Research at the University of Milan-Bicocca in 2010 and had additional training on quantitative methods at the University of Essex, Oxford, Bamberg, Trento and EUI. He has been a visiting researcher at the University of Amsterdam (Spring 2012), the University of Koln (Summer 2016) and at Trinity College Dublin (Winter 2017). He teaches and taught courses on sociology of education, social mobility, inequality of opportunity, comparative sociology and quantitative methods.